This is the second part of the series on change made simple. It is based upon the excellent book by Chip and Dan Heath: Switch: How to Change Things When Change Is Hard. You can read the overview here: Change Made Simple – Overview.
In this article we discuss the first of the three main components of the process – Direct the Rider. Directing the rider is all about providing clarity to yourself or others. It’s about solving specific problems and taking specific actions instead of trying to boil the whole ocean.
Find The Bright Spots
To pursue the bright spots is to ask the question “What’s working and how can we do more of it?”
I thought this chapter of the book was a very good one, but you are going to have to read it to get the full effect. The bottom line strategy here is to stop focusing on problems and instead look for things that are already working. Once you find these bright spots, simply expand them and do more of those things. After reading this it sounded like obvious common sense. However, people almost always focus on fixing problems instead of focusing on solutions that already exist. This is really brilliant advice and I’m already thinking about many situations in which I can look for the bright spots and expand them.
Many real-world examples are provided. In one case, a man named Jerry Sternin went to Vietnam to try and help address a decades long problem of malnutrition in children. He had little time or resources to address what looked like an intractable problem with poverty and lack of education. Those standard explanations were already in play and they were huge problems that would require massive expenditures of resources to even attempt to address.
Instead of writing position papers on these known factors, Jerry Sternin searched the villages looking for well-nourished children who might be exceptions to the general problem. He was looking for the bright spots in a sea of malnutrition. He found them, he discovered the simple solution, and he worked with the villagers to expand that solution to nearly 3 million other children.
The authors tell stories of changes in medical practices, changes in delinquent behavior at school, and other examples where people with little resources or authority were able to bring about big changes by simply looking for what worked and doing more of it.
This is a simple, direct, and elegant approach.
Script the Critical Moves
To spark movement in a new direction, you need to provide crystal clear guidance. That’s why scripting is important – you’ve got to think about the specific behavior that you’d want to see in a tough moment…
The bottom line here is that in trying to change, analysis paralysis will disrupt and cause a retreat into the status quo default. The authors describe research in human behavior that support their point. People with more choice are less like to choose and therefore less likely to change.
“The status quo feels comfortable and steady because much of the choice as been squeezed out. You have your routines, your ways of doing things.”
“Successful change requires a translation of ambiguous goals into concrete behaviors. In short, to make a switch you need to script the critical moves.”
I don’t have a really good way to summarize the excellent advice in this chapter because every situation is so different. One of the authors’ favorite examples which seemed to work very well was a 1% milk campaign. I’m sure my friend Vin of Natural Bias would not think 1% milk was a healthy choice. However, whether you agree with the chosen goal or not, you can’t deny the simple effectiveness of the campaign to get people to buy 1% milk. The critical move for a healthier diet was a simple script – Buy 1% milk. It wasn’t about eating a certain number of fat grams or calories, it wasn’t about cutting back on potato chips. It was a simple script to change from whole milk to 1% milk. If you want people to eat healthy you need to provide a specific and simple script. Saying “eat healthy” or “follow the food pyramid” isn’t going to accomplish anything.
You can’t script every move, and you don’t want to. However, you want to script the critical moves. If I look at the maintenance schedule of my car, it is quite complicated. I can’t possibly keep track of what maintenance is needed when. However, I would wager that most American car owners are aware of the basic script – change your oil every three months or every 3,000 miles. That one simple script is all you need to remember because when you take it to the shop, they will tell you what other maintenance is recommended at your current mileage.
“To the Rider, a big problem calls for a big solution. But if you seek out a solution that’s as complex as the problem, you’ll get the Food Pyramid and nothing will change. (The Rider will just spin his wheels trying to make sense of it.) The Rider has to be jarred out of introspection, out of analysis. He needs a script that explains how to act.”
Point to the Destination
You have a choice about how to use the Rider’s energy: By default, he’ll obsess about which way to move, or whether it’s necessary to move at all. But you can redirect that energy to helping you navigate toward the destination. For that to happen you need a gut-smacking goal…
This is a decently long chapter in the book with a lot of good real-world examples making it clear that you need a compelling destination for change to happen. There is not a lot of description or analysis that I can provide in a summary however. The point of this chapter is that for change to happen you need a destination that invests you emotionally in the destination, what the authors above called a “gut –smacking” goal.
Goals that lack emotion, and are just SMART (Specific, Measurable, Actionable, Relevant, Timely) don’t work well for change. You need to point clearly to the destination, make it simple and easy to understand, and make it compelling.
“When you describe a compelling destination, you are helping to correct one of the Rider’s greatest weaknesses – the tendency to get lost in analysis.”
What do YOU think? Leave a comment and join the conversation.
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